More than half the world’s population will develop hemorrhoids mainly after the age of 30. Hemorrhoids are also common among pregnant women, people with chronic constipation or diarrhea and anal intercourse. Hemorrhoids often result from excessive straining during bowel movements.
The term “hemorrhoids” refers to a condition in which the veins around the anus (external hemorrhoid) or lower rectum (internal hemorrhoid) are swollen and inflamed. The most common symptom of internal hemorrhoids is bright red blood covering the stool, on toilet paper, or in the toilet bowl. However, an internal hemorrhoid may protrude through the anus outside the body, becoming irritated and painful. This is known as a protruding hemorrhoid.
Symptoms of external hemorrhoids may include painful swelling or a hard lump around the anus that results when a blood clot forms. This condition is known as a thrombosed external hemorrhoid. If internal/external hemorrhoids are ruptured from bowel movements, bleeding will occur.
Hemorrhoids usually are not dangerous, and are not considered life threatening, but can be very painful for those suffering from the condition. You will know that you have hemorrhoids either from itching in the anal area, a protruding lump, bleeding during a bowel movement, or localized pain.
Measures to reduce symptoms include:
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